Role of Bottom-up and Top-down Pre-listening Activities on Iranian EFL Students’ Listening Comprehension

Fatemeh Karimi; Azizeh Chalak

Volume 9, Issue 1 , January 2022, , Pages 53-72

  AbstractPre-listening activity has a considerable role in improving listening comprehension. This research examined the effects of bottom-up and top-down pre-listening activities on Iranian EFL students’ listening comprehension. It also investigated the potential interaction effects of language ...  Read More

Effect of Online Strategies-Based Instruction on Iranian EFL Learners’ Speaking Scores: A Case of Affective and Social Strategies Instruction

Samira Abbasi; Azizeh Chalak; Hossein Heidari Tabrizi

Volume 8, Issue 3 , July 2021, , Pages 51-71

  Enhancing speaking ability is an important component of the acquirement of a language. The present study focused on improving speaking ability through online strategy-based instruction. The innovation aspect of this study is applying the Moodle course management system as an instructional platform. To ...  Read More