Research Article Introductions and Disciplinary Influences Based on Interactive Metadiscourse Markers

Authors

1 Associate Professor in ELT ELT Department, Faculty of Humanities University of Mohaghegh Ardabili

2 ELT Instructor Payam Noor University, Ardabil Branch

Abstract

Metadiscourse refers to the evolving text, to the writer, and to the imagined readers of that text. It is based on a view of writing as a social engagement. This study draws on an interpersonal model of metadiscourse to examine disciplinary influences on the use of interactive metadiscourse in research article introductions. The study examined the distributions of interactive metadiscourse markers in a corpus of 120 RAs representing four academic disciplines. Physics and medicine were selected from hard discipline, applied linguistics and Economics were selected from soft science to shed some light on the ways academic writers deploy these resources to persuade readers in their own discourse community. No statistically significant difference was found in the use of interactive metadiscourse markers across disciplines. The findings suggest how academic writers use language to offer an accurate representation of their work in different fields, and how metadiscourse can be seen as a means of uncovering something of the rhetorical and social distinctiveness of disciplinary communities. The findings are attributable to the knowledge-knower structures characteristic of the disciplines and the epistemologies underlying the research paradigms. These findings might have implications for the teaching of academic writing and for novice writers who would like to publish their research in academic journals.
 

Keywords


Article Title [Persian]

مقدمه مقالات پژوهشی و تاثیرات بین رشته ای بر اساس فراکلام راهنمایی

Authors [Persian]

  • رضا عبدی 1
  • پریسا احمدی 2
1 دانشیار دانشگاه محقق اردبیلی
2 مربی آموزش زبان انگلیسی دانشگاه پیام نور واحد اردبیل
Abstract [Persian]

فراکلام به متن در حال پیدایش، نویسنده و مخاطبین احتمالی آن متن اشاره می کند و بر اساس دیدگاه مشغولیت و درگیری اجتماعی بنا شده است. این مطالعه از مدل بین فردی فراکلام جهت بررسی تاثیرات رشته ای فراکلام راهنمایی در بخش مقدمه مقالات تحقیقی استفاده می کند. در این مطالعه، توزیع فراکلام راهنمایی در مجموعه 120 مقاله تحقیقی از چهار رشته (30 مقاله از هر رشته ) مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. فیزیک و پزشکی از علوم سخت و آموزش زبان انگلیسی و اقتصاد از علوم انسانی جهت بررسی روش های مورد استفاده نویسندگان دانشگاهی در گونه تحقیقی سطح بپیشرفته برای ترغیب خوانندگان در جامعه زبانی خودشان انتخاب شدند. تفاوت آماری قابل ملاحظه ای در استفاده از فراکلام راهنمایی بین رشته ها به دست نیامد. تجزیه و تحلیل آماری نشان داد که نویسندگان دانشگاهی چگونه از زبان برای معرفی و ارائه آثارشان در رشته های مختلف استفاده می کنند و بنابراین چگونه فراکلام به عنوان وسیله ای برای نشان دادن تفاوت­های اجتماعی و بلاغی رشته]های مختلف علمی به کارمی رود. یافته های این تحقیق، ویژگی های رشته مورد نظر و چگونگی زیر ساختار و نحوه نوشتن این مقالات را نشان داد. این یافته ها برای تدریس نوشتار دانشگاهی و همچنین نویسندگان کم تجربه­تر که قصد چاپ مقاله در مجلات معتبر را دارند، موثر می باشد.
 

Keywords [Persian]

  • نوشتار دانشگاهی
  • تجزیه و تحلیل گونه نوشتاری
  • فراکلام راهنمایی
  • فراکلام
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