Citation behaviour and intertextuality in EFL writing: The case of EFL writers’ undergraduate projects and their MA theses compared

Document Type: Research Paper


1 English language center, Qom university of Technology, Qom, Iran

2 Language center, Imam Sadiq University, Tehran, Iran

3 Islamic Azad University, Naragh Branch, Iran


The present study probed into the citation behavior and intertextuality use of EFL writers. The literature sections of 12 BA projects and those of 12 MA theses in applied linguistics written by the same writers were compared in terms of intertextuality and citation types. The results showed that the most frequent intertextuality type in both BA projects and MA theses was the unconventional intertextuality. The second frequent type was conventional intertextuality which was more frequent in MA projects due to the educational conditions and the readership. The third frequent type was ‘deceptive’ used equally in both undergraduate and MA projects. As for the citation behavior, the most frequent one in both MA and BA projects was the integral citation whose sub-type ‘verb controlling’ was more frequent in MA and its non-citation subtype was more frequent in BA projects probably due to cultural reasons or because of the students’ ignorance of the functions and applications of citation types. This type was followed by improper citations and non-integral citations in both BA and MA projects. As for the relationship between intertextuality and citation, the results showed a strong relationship between unconventional intertextuality and improper citations in B.A projects, a weak correlation between conventional intertextuality and both non-integral and integral citations in B.A projects, a strong correlation between conventional intertextuality and both integral and non-integral citations in M.A theses and also a weak correlation between unconventional intertextuality and improper citations in M.A theses. Also, in both MA theses and BA projects, conventional intertextuality included all subcategories of non-integral citations and two subcategories of integral citations including verb-controlling and naming. The study could serve MA and BA project raters and the instructors of research courses in undergraduate and graduate levels.


Article Title [Persian]

روش استناددهی و ارجاع بین متنی در نگارش زبان آموزان خارجی: مقایسه پروژه های کارشناسی و تزهای کارشناسی ارشد

Authors [Persian]

  • حسین پورقاسمیان 1
  • مصطفی شهیدی تبار 2
  • محمد باقر زاده حسینی 3
Abstract [Persian]

مطالعه پیش روی به بررسی روش استناددهی و ارجاع بین متنی در نگارش زبان آموزان خارجی خواهد پرداخت. پروژه های کارشناسی و تزهای کارشناسی ارشد دانشجویان رشته زبان شناسی کاربردی که هر دو به وسیله یک فرد به نگارش درآمده مقایسه شده است تا روش های استناددهی و ارجاع بین متنی در آنها مقایسه شود. نتایج حاکی از ان است که بسامد وقوع استناددهی غیرمرسوم در میان پروژه های کارشناسی و تزهای کارشناسی ارشد بالا است. همچنین، بسامد استنادهی مرسوم در جایگاه دوم پس از استناددهی غیرمرسوم قرار دارد که در میان دانشجویان کارشناسی به دلایل تحصیلی و آموزشی بیشتر به چشم می خورد. نوع سوم روش استناد دهی که در هر دو گروه به شکل مساوی به چشم می خورد روش استناد دهی چند وجهی است. رفتار استناددهی که در بین هر دو گروه دانشجویان کارشناسی و کارشناسی ارشد به شکل مشترک به چشم می خورد، استناددهی یکپارچه می باشد. در این رفتار استناددهی در بین دانشجویان کارشناسی" کنترل فعل" از بسامد بالایی برخوردار بود. علت این امر را می توان در دلایل فرهنگی جستجو نمود. این نوع استناددهی منجر به استنادات غیرصحیح و پراکنده در پروژه های کارشناسی و تزهای کارشناسی ارشد می شود. نتایج همچنین وجود رابطه میان روش استناددهی و ارجاع بین متنی راگزار ش می کند. در پروژه های کارشناسی ارتباط معنی دار بین ارجاع بین متنی غیرمرسوم و استناد دهی ناصحیح وجود داشت که این ارتباط در تزهای کارشناسی ارشد مشاهده نشد.این مطالعه دارای کاربرد برای اساتید روش تحقیق در لیسانس و در ارشد میباشد.

Keywords [Persian]

  • ارجاع بین متنی
  • استناددهی
  • پروژه های کارشناسی
  • تزهای کارشناسی ارشد
  • نگارش زبان آموزان خارجی

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