Do university students need to master the GSL and AWL words: A psychology word list

Document Type: Research Paper


English Translation Department, Humanities Faculty, Hazrat-e Masoumeh University, Qom, Iran


University students are mainly advised to master the words in West’s General Service List (GSL) and Coxhead’s Academic Word List (AWL) in order to be able to read their academic texts easily and effectively. However, there are too many words in the two lists and a large number of them seem to be of less frequency in many academic disciplines; moreover, there are many important general and academic words which are missing in the two lists. The present study explored a corpus of psychology texts containing 3.4 million running words to work out the most frequent words used in psychology, a less investigated discipline. The corpus was analyzed by some text analysis software (TextStat and TextAnalys) and a list of 1587 most frequent word families was developed for psychology. The list included general English and academic words and no technical words of psychology. The frequency of GSL and AWL word families was investigated in the corpus to find out the GSL and AWL words highly frequent in psychology texts and also other high frequency words of psychology which are absent in the two lists. The results revealed that 1077 GSL and 95 AWL word families were of low frequency in psychology texts and there were 189 high frequency general and academic words which are absent in the GSL and AWL. The coverage of the developed psychology word list over the corpus was shown to be 2.2% higher than that of GSL plus AWL, although it contained 983 fewer words.


Article Title [Persian]

آیا دانشجویان دانشگاه نیاز دارند بر واژگان جی اس ال و ای دابلیو ال تسلط ‍پیدا کنند: لیست واژگان روانشناسی

Author [Persian]

  • محمود صفری
قم - دانشگاه حضرت معصومه - دانشکده علوم انسانی - گروه مترجمی زبان انگلیسی
Abstract [Persian]

دانشجویان دانشگاه معمولا توصیه می شوند که واژگان لیستهای وست و کاکس هد را برای کسب توانای خواندن متون دانشگاهی خود به راحتی و بدون مراجعه مکرر به فرهنگ لغت فراگیرند. ولی لغات زیادی در این دو لیست وجود دارند و بسیاری از آنها به نظر می رسد که در متون رشته های دانشگاهی فراوانی کمی دارند و ازسوی دیگر کلمات عمومی و دانشگاهی زیادی وجود دارند که در این دو لیست حضور ندارند. تحقیق حاضر یک پیکره روانشناسی شامل 3.4 ملیون لغت را مورد بررسی قرار داد تا واژگان پرکاربرد در روانشناسی را استخراج کند. این پیکره توسط نرم افزارهای تحلیل متون مورد بررسی قرار گرفت و لیستی از 1587 خانواده لغات پرکاربرد برای روانشناسی تهیه شد. این لیست شامل واژگان عمومی و دانشگاهی بود و لغات تخصصی روانشناسی را دربر نمیگرفت. لغات لیستهای جی اس ال وست و ای دابل یو ال کاکس هد مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند تا لغات پر کاربرد این لیستها در متون روانشناسی و لغات پرکاربردی که در این دو لیست قرار ندارند پیدا شوند. نتایج نشان دادند که 1172 لغت این دو لیست در روانشناسی کاربرد زیادی ندارند و 189 کامه پرکاربرد وجود دارد که در این دو لیست قرار نگرفته اند. پوشش لیست جدید واژگان برای روانشناسی درپیکره 2.2 درصد بیشتر از پوشش مجموع واژگان وست و کاکس هد بود در حالیکه دارای 983 خانواده لغت کمتر می باشد.

Keywords [Persian]

  • واژگان دانشگاهی
  • لیست ای دابلیو ال
  • پوشش
  • فراوانی
  • لیست جی اس ال
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