The effects of corrective feedback on Iranian EFL students' writing

Document Type: Research Paper


1 Islamic Azad University of Zanjan

2 Islamic Azad Unversity of Zanjan

3 Islamic Azad university of Zanjan, Iran


Matching the expectations of teachers and students is vital for successful learning. Few studies have investigated the effects of corrective feedback on Iranian EFL students. The sample of this research were 180 male and female teachers that teach language courses in an English Language Teaching program in language institutes in Zanjan and 350 students who were chosen through stratified random sampling. Two standard instruments were used in this study. PET Test, Fukuda (2004). The findings suggest that they believed that corrective feedback had a significant effect on their writing but the teachers did not think so. It is concluded that most of the feedback given by teachers were concentrated on grammatical errors and that the teachers’ view of feedback is based on the context, which might origin from absence of sufficient teacher training. With this in mind, giving feedback, or rather the right kind of feedback should perhaps play a better role in teacher education. Anyway, the fact that feedback is based on each context may be positive, because all students are different, even so teacher trainees might still take advantage from studying the provision of feedback.


Article Title [Persian]

تاثیر بازخورد اصلاحی بر نگارش زبان آموزان ایرانی

Authors [Persian]

  • امیر رضایی 1
  • سیروس ایزدپناه 2
  • علی شهنواز 3
1 دانشگاه آزاد زنجان
2 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی زنجان
3 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی زنجان
Abstract [Persian]

تطبیق انتظارات معلمان و دانش آموزان برای یادگیری موفق حیاتی است. مطالعات اندکی در مورد اثرات بازخوردی اصلاح شده در مورد دانشجویان EFL صورت گرفته است. نمونه این پژوهش متشکل از 180 معلم مرد و زن بود که در یک برنامه آموزش زبان انگلیسی در مؤسسات زبان زنجان تدریس می کردند و 350 دانش آموز که از طریق نمونه گیری تصادفی طبقه ای انتخاب گردیدند. در این مطالعه دو ابزار استاندارد مورد استفاده قرار گرفت. آزمون PET، فوکودا (2004). یافته های این پژوهش نشان می دهد که آنها اعتقاد داشتند که بازخورد اصلاحی تاثیر قابل توجهی بر نوشتن آنها دارد، اما معلمان چنین فکر نمی کردند. نتایج نشان دادند که بیشتر بازخورد معلمان بر اشتباهات دستوری متمرکز شده است و دیدگاه معلمان از بازخورد براساس محیطی است که ممکن است ناشی از فقدان آموزش معلم باشد. با توجه به این نکته، بازخورد دادن، و یا به جای آن، بازخورد مناسب باید در آموزش معلمان نقش مهمی داشته باشد. به هر حال، در حقیقت بازخورد بر مبنای هر محیط ممکن است مثبت باشد، زیرا همه دانش آموزان متفاوت هستند، حتی ممکن است کارآموزان معلم از پژوهش بازخورد بهره ببرند.

Keywords [Persian]

  • بازخورد اصلاحی
  • خطا
  • درک
  • ترجیح
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