Authors

1 M.A. graduate, Department of English language and literature, Faculty of foreign Languages, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of English Language Teaching, Zanjan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan

Abstract

Since needs analysis firstly introduced by the publication of Munby's communicative syllabus design in 1978, many researchers carried out on the needs analysis of university students majoring different courses in order to prepare for their target language needs. The purpose of this study was to identify the English language needs of the Persian literature university students. To this effect, five female and five male specialist English teachers in three universities in Tehran and two universities in Zanjan were picked by purposive sampling to be data sources of the study. All the teachers had the Ph.D. level of education, teaching M.A. students of Persian literature. The data were collected using a five-point Likert scale English Language needs questionnaire (Chan, 2001), answered by specialist English teachers. The study was experimental and quantitative in nature. In order to analyze the data, mean and Chi-Square test were attained using SPSS, version 16. As the results had shown, reading skill was the most important skill in academic studies of the Persian literature university students, speaking skill was the most essential skill in their future profession, and writing skill was the main skill that would be important in their private/social life. Furthermore, the female specialist English teachers’ perspective was different from male ones regarding Persian literature university students’ learning needs and target needs. In conclusion, the implications of the findings of the study can be presented for language researchers, specialist English teachers, test designers, and materials developers.

Keywords

Article Title [Persian]

ارزیابی نیازهای زبان انلیسی دانشجویان ادبیات فارسی از دیدگاه مدرسان

Authors [Persian]

  • یلدا شاهمرادی 1
  • سیروس ایزدپناه 2

1 فارغ التحصیل دانشکده زبان های خارجی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

2 استادیار گروه آموزش زبان انگلیسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، زنجان

Abstract [Persian]

از زمانی که تحلیل نیازها برای نخستین بار در طرح درس ارتباطی توسط مونبای در 1978 منتشر شد، محققان بسیاری به تحلیل نیازهای دانشجویان رشته‌های مختلف جهت تهیه نیازهای زبانی هدف آن‌ها پرداختند. هدف این تحقیق شناسایی نیازهای زبان انگلیسی دانشجویان ادبیات فارسی هست. به این منظور، پنج مدرس مرد و پنج مدرس زن زبان تخصصی این رشته در سه دانشگاه در تهران و دو دانشگاه در زنجان به‌وسیله نمونه‌گیری هدفمند به‌عنوان منابع داده این تحقیق انتخاب شدند. تمامی مدرسین دارای مدرک دکتری بوده و به دانشجویان کارشناسی ارشد ادبیات فارسی تدریس می‌کردند. داده‌های تحقیق توسط پرسشنامه زبان انگلیسی پنج گزینه‌ای مقیاس لیکرت (چان، 2001) که توسط مدرسان زبان تخصصی پاسخ‌داده‌شده به‌دست‌آمده است. این تحقیق تجربی و کمی می‌باشد. به‌منظور تحلیل داده‌ها، از میانگین و آزمون کا اسکوئر توسط برنامه SPSS استفاده شد. نتایج نشان دادند که مهارت خواندن در حیطه مطالعات تحصیلی، مهارت صحبت کردن در حیطه کاری آینده، و مهارت نگارش در حیطه زندگی شخصی و اجتماعی مهم‌ترین مهارت‌ها برای دانشجویان ادبیات فارسی می‌باشد. علاوه بر این، مدرسان زبان تخصصی زن دیدگاه متفاوتی با مدرسان زبان تخصصی مرد در خصوص نیازهای آموزشی و هدف دانشجویان ادبیات فارسی داشتند. در پایان، کاربرد یافته‌های این تحقیق را می‌توان به محققان زبان، مدرسان زبان تخصصی، طراحان آزمون و تهیه‌کنندگان متون آموزشی ارائه کرد.

Keywords [Persian]

  • انگلیسی برای اهداف ویژه
  • تحلیل نیازها
  • نیازهای زبانی شغلی
  • دانشجویان ادبیات فارسی
  • نیازهای زبانی هدف

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