The Effect of Code-Switching on Iranian Elementary EFL Learners’ Oral Fluency, Accuracy, and Willingness to Communicate


Department of English Language, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran


Regarding the issue of whether or not the use of L2 learners’ mother tongue should be allowed in the classroom, there has been a discord among scholars, each giving reasons for their claim. Considering this lack of consensus, this study was an attempt to investigate the effect of code-switching (CS) on Iranian elementary English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners’ oral fluency, accuracy, and willingness to communicate (WTC). To carry out this study, a sample of 60 high-elementary level EFL learners was chosen to take part. After a Key English Test (KET) was administered to ensure homogeneity of the learners, they were divided into two groups of experimental and control. The study used a quasi-experimental design. The instruments used to obtain the needed data were a WTC questionnaire providing quantifiable data on learners’ WTC both inside and outside the classroom, and the speaking section of a KET as pre-test and post-test to see whether the learners’ oral fluency and accuracy changed significantly over the course of the treatment. The results of a Multivariate Analysis of Covariance (MANCOVA) statistical analysis revealed positive effect of CS on the participants’ WTC and oral accuracy and fluency. The results of the present study can contribute to the field of English Language Teaching (ELT) and be of use for practitioners and material developers.


Article Title [Persian]

تاثیر رمزگردانی بر روی فصاحت و دقت کلام و علاقه به ارتباط برقرار کردن در زبان آموزان ایرانی سطح مبتدی

Authors [Persian]

  • سعید نوربر
  • هما جعفر پور
گروه زبان انگلیسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد قزوین
Abstract [Persian]

 پژوهشگران مختلف نظرات متفاوتی در باره ی مجاز بودن استفاده از زبان مادری زبان آموزان زبان دوم در کلاس دارند. نظر به این که بر سر این موضوع، اتفاق نظر وجود ندارد، پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی تاثیر رمزگردانی بر روی فصاحت و دقت کلام و علاقه به ارتباط برقرار کردن در زبان آموزان ایرانی سطح مبتدی به انجام رسید. برای این منظور، یک نمونه ی 60 نفری از زبان آموزان سطح فوق مبتدی انتخاب شدند و پس از شرکت در یک آزمون KET که با هدف تضمین همگن بودن سطح زبانی آنان برگزار شد، به دو گروه آزمایشی و کنترل تقسیم شدند. طرح پژوهشی موردنظر این تحقیق، یک طرح نیمه تجربی است و داده های مورد نیاز از طریق پرسشنامه ی WTC برای بررسی علاقه به ارتباط برقرار کردن در داخل و خارج از کلاس جمع آوری شد. همچنین، بخش گفتاری یک آزمون KET به عنوان پیش آزمون و پس آزمون استفاده شد تا بتوان از آن طریق، دقت و فصاحت کلام زبان آموزان سنجیده شود. نتایج روش آماری منکوا (MANCOVA) نشان داد که رمز گردانی تاثیر مثبتی بر روی علاقه به ارتباط برقرار کردن و دقت و فصاحت کلام زبان آموزان داشت. نتایج این پژوهش می تواند در زمینه ی آموزش زبان انگلیسی (ELT) و همچنین فعالان در زمینه ی تهیه منابع درسی مور استفاده قرار گیرد.

Keywords [Persian]

  • رمزگردانی
  • علاقه به ارتباط برقرار کردن
  • فصاحت کلام
  • دقت کلام
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