Analysis of Lexical Patterning and Semantic Elements in Reading Comprehension Sections of EFL Textbooks


1 Azad University of Chabahar

2 Chabahar Maritime University


This study aimed to investigate patterns of encoding motion events in the sentences of ‘Reading Comprehension’ sections of English textbooks that are taught in Iranian guidance schools and high schools. To achieve this objective, all sentences that described motion events were collected from textbooks. These sentences were examined on the basis of two factors: 1) The encoding of Figure, Manner, Path, Source, Goal, Cause, and Ground; 2) Metaphorical description of non-motion events in terms of motion events. Based on the obtained results, it was concluded that sentences of these books are the simplified versions of typical English sentences that are used to describe motion events. In other words, these sentences minimize the details of motion events and do not offer a complete picture of such events. Regarding the use of metaphors to describe non-motion events in terms of motion events, the obtained results showed that metaphors are underused in English textbooks that are taught in Iranian schools. Therefore, it is recommended that some modifications be made in these textbooks to improve the quality of teaching these aspects of language to L2 learners in Iranian high schools and guidance schools.


Article Title [Persian]

تحلیل الگوهای واژگانی در متون درسی

Authors [Persian]

  • سائمه آسکانی 1
  • امید خاتین زاده 2
1 دانشگاه آزاد چابهار
2 دانشگاه دریایی چابهار
Abstract [Persian]

هدف از این تحقیق بررسی نحوه توصیف حرکت اشیا در متون درک مطلب کتاب های درسی دروه راهنمایی و دبیرستان در مدارس ایران بود. برای رسیدن به این هدف، تمام جملاتی که حرکات اشیا را توصیف می کردند از این کتب گردآوری شدند. این جملات از دو جنبه مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند: (1) نحوه توصیف شی حرکت کننده، روش حرکت، مسیر حرکت، مبدا، مقصد، عامل و زمینه (2) توصیف آرایه ای وقایع غیر حرکتی بر حسب وقایع حرکتی. بر اساس نتایج بدست آمده، نتیجه گرفته شد که جملات کتب درسی که حرکت های اشیا را توصیف میکنند شکل ساده شده جملاتی هستند که در متون معمول انگلیسی برای توصیف حرکت ها مورد استفاده قرار میگیرند. به عبارت دیگر، جملات کتب درسی وقایع حرکتی را با جزییات کمتر مورد توصیف قرار میدهند. همچنین از لحاظ توصیف وقایع غیر حرکتی بر حسب وقایع حرکتی، داده های بدست آمده نشان داد که جملات آرایه ای به شکلی موثر برای توصیف وقایع غیر حرکتی بر حسب وقایع حرکتی مورد استفاده قرار نمی گیرند. بنابراین پیشنهاد می شود که تغییراتی در متون درک مطلب کتب درسی اعمال شود تا زبان آموزان قابلیت بهتری برای توصیف وقایع حرکتی در جملات زبان دوم بدست آورند

Keywords [Persian]

  • جا به جا شونده
  • روش
  • مسیر
  • مبدا
  • مقصد
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